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Thursday, 27 October 2016

Collapsed Neonates

Resuscitate
As per appropriate
Adrenaline 10mcg/kg

Prostin -  
    - 5 ng/kg/min if clinically well
    - 20 ng/kg/min if unstable or absent femoral pulses
    - 50-100 ng/kg/min if no response
Apnoea common: 1st hr of Rx, dose
Hypotension may occur with high dose

Prostin
- 5 ng/kg/min if clinically well
- 20 ng/kg/min if unstable or absent femoral pulses
- 50-100 ng/kg/min if no response
Apnoea common: 1st hr of Rx, dose

Hypotension may occur with high dose

Think about Causes
Infection
Group B strep, E Coli - PROM, maternal GBS, fever in labour
Herpes Simplex - GCS, coagulopathy, ALT, family cold sores
MRSA - Unresponsive 1st line antibiotics,+ contact

Cardiac
Coarctation aorta - Systolic arm/leg gradient > 20 mmHg
Hypoplastic Left heart - Poor pulses –may be pink= pulm. overcirculation
Transposition (TGA) - Preductal sats < post ductal sats
TAPVD (obstructed) - Shocked & cyanosed/CXR plethoric
SVT  - HR>220 despite fluid, f ixed HR, narrow QRS
Myocarditis - Cardiac failure, tachycardia, small QRS

Injury 
Intracranial bleed  - Focal neuro signs, fontanel le , retinal bleeds
Intrabdominal bleed - Unexplained anaemia, abdominal bruising

Cardiac

Metabolic
Vomiting, reduced GCS, hypoglycaemia
Stop the feeds. Give fluid and dextrose as highly likely to be fluid depleted

References
http://paediatricem.blogspot.co.uk/search/label/NLS
http://www.rcemlearning.co.uk/references/congenital-heart-disease/ 
http://www.rcemlearning.co.uk/modules/the-shocked-neonate/ 
http://www.rcemfoamed.co.uk/portfolio/metabolic-babies-in-the-ed-easy-as-1-2-3/ 

1 comment:

  1. Nice article thanks for sharing.
    Dr. V. V. S. Chandrasekharam is a gold medallist in Pediatric Surgery from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi. He has presented over 15 clinical and research papers in various international and national conferences.
    For more info please visit: http://www.ankurahospital.com/doctor/dr-vvs-chandrasekha

    ReplyDelete